Sunday, August 10, 2014

Summer Fun... Week Ten!

A QUOTE:

How was your week off?? While I was on my trip, I found quite a few Latin inscriptions, in countries that were never part of the Roman Empire! It just goes to show how far reaching the influence of the Romans is. I found Latin inscriptions in... Germany, Finland, Estonia, Sweden, and Norway! I also found a Latin inscription on a park bench in New York City.



It says, "alteri vivas oportet si vis tibi vivere" which is translated, "You should live for another if you would live for yourself."

A VIDEO:

Most of the adjectives we use in elementary Latin are 1st and 2nd declension adjectives. This video explains how 1st and 2nd declension adjectives work.



AN EXERCISE:

Write the following bold noun/adjective pairs so that they agree in gender and number. They are all in the nominative case. Use the word banks to determine which noun and adjective forms to use. The answers are in the comments to this post.

bonus, bona, bonum - good
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum - beautiful
improbus, improba, improbum - naughty
laetus, laeta, laetum - happy
miser, misera, miserum - unhappy
longus, longa, longum - long

mater, matris (f) - mother
puer, pueri (m) - boy
bellum, belli (n) - war
amicus, amici (m) - friend
flumen, fluminis (n) - river
villa, villae (f) - house

1. good friend
2. naughty boy
3. long war
4. beautiful house
5. unhappy mother
6. beautiful river
7. unhappy wars
8. happy friends
9. long rivers
10. beautiful mothers

Not much longer until school starts up again! This will be the last blog post for this summer. We've had 10 weeks of practice, and hopefully you've learned a few new things and enjoyed the lessons! See you in a few weeks!!


Monday, July 28, 2014

Summer Fun.... Week Nine

Guess what? I'm on VACATION!! That means you get a week of vacation, too! This week I have a few videos for you to watch, including two that have silly songs to help you remember imperfect endings and the present tense conjugation of amo. You can work on singing these silly songs all week, as they are sure to get stuck in your head! But first, a fable (derived from fabula, meaning story) from Aesop:



Now, for the silliness.... ;) Here is the verb amo in the present tense, conjugated by singing paintings.



That was the present tense, but you remember your imperfect tense endings, right? Just to make sure, let's review....

-bam (I was _________ing)
-bas (you were ________ing)
-bat (he, she, it was _______ing)
-bamus (we were ________ing)
-batis (you all were _______ing)
-bant (they were _________ing)

So.... how would you translate each of these words? (remember, amo means "I love".) Answers are after the video!!

amabat
amabamus
amabant
amabam
amabatis
amabas

Here's a little video to help you remember the imperfect tense endings! (It is even sillier than the last. **Magistra Wickland shakes her head at all the silliness**)


And now for the answers....

amabat = he, she, it was loving
amabamus = we were loving
amabant = they were loving
amabam = I was loving
amabatis = you all were loving
amabas = you were loving

Did you get all the answers correct?? I hope so! If not, you know what to review this week! Have a great one! (I should be back from vacation next week, but if there's no blog post, I'll be back the week after that!)




Monday, July 21, 2014

Summer Fun... Week Eight!

A FEW VIDEOS:

Last week we learned about the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd declensions. This week we are going to discuss the gender of nouns and the neuter endings for nouns of the 2nd and 3rd declensions. Enjoy the show!!








A QUOTE:

tempus fugit 


You know from the video above that tempus means 'time' and, as the picture above suggests, fugit means flies, though not in the way you're thinking. Tempus Fugit means time is fleeting, it is passing quickly, it is flying right by us. Time flies when you're having fun.... !

AN EXERCISE:

The following nouns are all 2nd declension. Identify whether they are masculine or neuter, based on what you learned from the video above.

bellum, belli
vir, viri
servus, servi
puer, pueri
vallum, valli
hortus, horti
periculum, periculi
verbum, verbi
filius, fili
ager, agri

When you have finished identifying each one as masculine or neuter, you can check your answers below.

DO NOT SCROLL DOWN UNTIL YOU HAVE FINISHED ALL OF THEM!

The answers are below.
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bellum, belli - NEUTER
vir, viri - MASCULINE
servus, servi - MASCULINE
puer, pueri - MASCULINE
vallum, valli - NEUTER
hortus, horti - MASCULINE
periculum, periculi - NEUTER
verbum, verbi - NEUTER
filius, fili - MASCULINE
ager, agri - MASCULINE

Monday, July 14, 2014

Summer Fun... Week Seven!

A FEW VIDEOS:

These videos cover the noun forms for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd declensions. There are several of them, but they are pretty short. Enjoy!







A QUOTE:

mea culpa

The phrase mea culpa literally means "my fault" and is said as a sort of apology when you have done something wrong. It is the Latin equivalent (and a much classier way) of saying "my bad." Any guesses which declension the noun culpa belongs to? If you guessed the 1st declension, you're right!

EXERCISES:

Instead of a translation story this week, I have a couple exercises for you to practice what you learned (or reviewed) in the videos above.

Give the declension (1st, 2nd, or 3rd) of each noun by looking at the genitive ending. When you are finished with that, decline the nouns marked with an asterisk (*) using the correct endings. 

princeps, principis ___________

*domina, dominae ____________

*leo, leonis __________________

*servus, servi ________________

puer, pueri _________________

Did you figure them all out? Did you get them all right?

DON'T SCROLL DOWN UNTIL YOU HAVE IT DONE!

The answers are below: 
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princeps, principis - 3rd

domina, dominae - 1st

domina     dominae
dominae   dominarum
dominae   dominis
dominam  dominas
domina     dominis

leo, leonis - 3rd

leo         leones
leonis     leonum
leoni       leonibus
leonem   leones
leone      leonibus

servus, servi - 2nd

servus     servi
servi       servorum
servo      servis
servum    servos
servo      servis

puer, pueri - 2nd*

*This was almost a trick question! The nominative ends in -er, but puer is a 2nd declension noun because its genitive ends in -i. This is part of why it's so important to work carefully in Latin!

Sunday, July 06, 2014

Summer Fun... Week Six!

A COUPLE VIDEOS:

The first video gives an overview for all of the noun cases in Latin. The students don't learn how to use all 5 cases until 7th grade, but this is a good introduction for students and overview for parents. The second video focuses in on the nominative and accusative cases, which students learn early on, so this is a good review.




A COUPLE QUOTES:

You are, no doubt, very familiar with these two quotes, or at least with their abbreviations. We use them regularly, though you perhaps didn't know that the abbreviations stood for Latin. Can you figure out what they mean?

ante meridiem
post meridiem

These two are typically abbreviated am and pm and used with reference to time. Have you figured it out yet? ante meridiem means "before noon" and post meridiem means "after noon." That's why we use am to mean morning and pm to mean afternoon! Look carefully at the ending of meridiem. What case is it?

A STORY:

This week we continue our story of Aeneas and Elissa as he tells about the fall of Troy. As with previous weeks, there are probably words you will encounter in this story which you have not yet learned. I recommend using the following website to look up words you don't know:


Aeneas miseram fortunam Troianorum pulchrae reginae narrabat. 

Aeneas: "Graeci Troiam occupabant. nostros viros feminasque cum amicis ad oppidi portam convocabam. propter periculum sacra deorum ad portam portabamus et Anchisae dabamus. mei servi frumentum et aquam parabant. meis amicis servisque gladios dabam. Anchises deso invocabat: 'amabatis Troiam Troianosque. ubi estis? spectatisne nostra pericula? inter multa pericula laboramus. nonne amant dei nostram patriam?' "

The translation of the story is in the comments. Have a great week!

Monday, June 30, 2014

Summer Fun... Week Five!

A COUPLE VIDEOS:





A QUOTE:

Did you know that Latin quotes aren't just for those interested in science and law? Latin quotes can be found all over the place, even in sports! Have you ever heard this phrase before?

anima sana in corpore sano

Perhaps you don't recognize it in this form, but have you ever seen this brand of shoes?


The althetic brand ASICS actually stands for the phrase above. Anima Sana In Corpore Sano. It means "A sound mind in a sound body." So now you know... Latin has infiltrated the sports world, too!

A STORY:

Dido*: "meos tuosque amicos convoco. narra nobis malam fortunam Troiae."

Aeneas: "cum meo parvo filio et femina, Creusa, in oppido meo habitabam. vitam bonam Troianorum laudabamus. nuntii bellum nuntiabant: 'Graeci ad Asiam navigant.' Troiani bellum parabant et Graecos exspectabant. bellum in patriam meam portabant Graeci. Graecorum gladii multos Troianos vulnerabant. Troiani laborabamus: Graeci Troianos superabant. cum Graecis feris pugnabam et multos vulnerabam. O, malam fabulam narro! Graeci meum oppidum altum occupabant. 

*Dido is another name for Elissa, from our previous stories.

This story, again, uses several words introduced in the previous stories, as well as some new ones. Instead of using glossed words to help you, use the following helpful website:


I will post a translation of the story in the comments so you can check your work. Have a great week!!


Monday, June 23, 2014

Summer Fun... Week Four!

A VIDEO:



A QUOTE:

This week's quote comes from the entryway of a house in Pompeii. The quote is:

cave canem

Can you guess what that means by this mosaic?


If you guessed "Beware of the Dog," you are right!! It was common for Romans to keep guard dogs on hand and to warn their visitors (and potential unwanted "guests") to watch out for the dog!

A STORY:

And now, we will continue our story from last week. Some of the words in this story are words from the last two stories. You may need to look back if you do not remember them. There are other words, however, that are at the bottom of the story to help you.

          regnum Elissae in Africa est. regnum est latum et oppidum est magnum altumque. feri Africani reginam non amant. bellum parant, sed reginae oppidum non occupant. 
          Aeneas cum amicis a Sicilia ad Africam navigat. Elissa Aenean amat et vocat: "meum regnum est tuum. Africani meum regnum non amant; in magno periculo sumus. Troianis meam patriam do."
          sed dei Troianos in Italiam vocant. Aeneas: "tuum regnum est magnum et bonum et pulchrum, et Africani sunt mali. te et tuum regnum laudo, et te amo. sed dei Troianos ad Italiam vocant."

Words to Help:
regnum - kingdom
latum - wide
altum - noble
ferus - wild
Sicilia - Sicily
malus - bad
laudo - I praise

As always, the translation key is in the comments below. Have a great week!